Selected Publications

Firsts by our lab


Recent Presentations

Convergent Functional Genomics

Animal Models


3D Mindscape

Current Research


Pathways and Mechanisms


Convergent studies by other groups

Lab Members

Participate in Our Studies
(PDF file)

SASS: Simplified Affective State Scale
(PDF file)

CFI-S: Convergent Functional Information for Suicide Scale
(PDF file)

Semantic Web Primer (PDF file)


On Our Minds

Citations and reproducibility

Mindscape book

Interesting Links

Photo Album

Contact Us

Gifts and Giving

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Our Mission: Understanding Minds to Improve Lives

Our group has been at the forefront of precision medicine approaches. We have been mapping the genomic and phenomic landscape of psychiatric disorders since 1999, developing and using convergence science approaches. We see psychiatric disorders as a magnifying glass permitting us to examine and understand the normal functioning of the mind. Our work is pointing to anxiety as being underpinned by cellular and whole-body reactivity, mood by activity, and cognition by connectivity. There is a strong need for a move towards comprehensive empirical dimensional testing (for, we propose, the three dimensions of reactivity, activity and connectivity), and away from categorical diagnostic classifications.  This dimensional view we call Mindscape (mental landscape) was  first proposed by us in 2009. Genes in different combinations lead to a spectrum of phenotypes, from different clinical disorders to normal behavior to the supra-normative performance seen in elite troops, athletes, inventors, mathematicians and artists.

We believe a worthwhile goal is to diagnose and treat patients in an individualized fashion, based on their profile of genes, biomarkers, and phenes (quantitative phenotypic data, including clinical and daily life information), using a combination of low-dose rational polypharmacy and lifestyle changes (exercise, nutrition, behaviors), promoting whole-body health, to get synergistic benefits and minimize side-effects. Precise diagnosis and treatment, for every patient, in every doctor's office.

Biomarkers (for example, certain RNA or protein molecules in the blood) are objective and measurable indicators of a specific biological state or illness. They have the potential to illuminate the pathogenesis of disease and to transform its management. You cannot change what you cannot measure. Biomarkers may aid in tracking disease and selecting appropriate treatments.



"The future is already hereit's just not evenly distributed" -William Gibson

“Knowledge is always a good thing- and more of it should be shared” –Sergey Brin, Google

“A diagnostic tool doesn’t have to be 100 percent accurate- just better than what we have now” -Todd Golub, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

“Making the simple complicated is commonplace; making the complicated simple, that’s creativity” -Charlie Mingus